What is SHSAT test preparation?

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Over the past 40 years, the representation of black and Hispanic students in New York City’s top performing high schools has declined sharply and calls for action have become increasingly loud. These calls hit a high note in 2012 when the NAACP filed a legal complaint against the city and reached a crescendo in 2013 when then mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio made bringing change to the Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT) and the specialized high school admissions process the center point of his education platform. As mayor, Mr. de Blasio  has continued to point to “expensive test preparation” (or rather the lack of it in certain communities) as a key contributor to the disparity in access to the city’s elite high schools. Unfortunately, when the mayor (and many politicians and educational leaders) discuss test preparation they far too often neglect to actually define what “test preparation” is, who uses it, and what impact it actually has.

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